English & Comparative Literary Studies

Courses

ECLS Courses Open to All Majors

ECLS courses numbered 200-290 are open to all Occidental students of any major who have completed the first-year fall CSP writing seminar. No more than two may be counted toward the ECLS major.

106 - Representing the Metropolis

In the US, roughly 80% of the population lives in urban regions (2000 US Census), while according to United Nations figures, about 52% of people are urban-dwellers worldwide. This course will examine various representations of the modern metropolis through film, literature, and cultural theory.  The city, as we experience it today is the product of multiple historical, cultural, and social forces.  Over the course of the semester, we will consider how cities have been shaped by these forces, as well as how they, in turn, shape our own experience and understanding of culture, history, and social practices.   In an era of increasing globalization and mobility, the role of the metropolis continues to evolve and expand.  As we consider representations of the city in a variety of films and novels from around the world, including some from our own city of Los Angeles, we will interrogate the ways in which the city has played a formative role in how we imagine life in the contemporary moment.  In what ways has the city become a vehicle for the production of culture?  How does life in the city serve to normativize certain notions of what it means to live in the modern world?  How does life in rural spaces complicate representations of modernity that take the city as their norm?  Does the city promote accessibility, or, alternatively, does it rigidify codes of exclusivity?  These are some of the many questions we will address as we consume a spectrum of world cinema and literature.  As we work our way through the material, we will strive to develop a complex understanding of how cities shape our cultural imagination.  Emphasis topic:  Postcolonial Theory.  Same as CTSJ 106
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: INTERCULTURAL and GLOBAL CONNECTIONS

189 - American Experiences

A historical survey of the major literary genres from the colonial to the contemporary period, emphasizing the persistent thematics of the American experience from a cross-cultural perspective. This class is particularly suited for students interested in the ways in which well-known American authors are in conversation with African Americans, Native Americans, Asian Americans, Latinos/as, and white women, who, until recently, had been left out of the literary canon. Open only to first year students. ECLS 189 counts as the equivalent of ECLS 289 toward the ECLS major. Students may not receive credit for both 189 and 289.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: UNITED STATES and US DIVERSITY

205 - Wake of the Ancient

The object of this course (as the three- or four-fold pun of its title implies) is not only to celebrate Ancient Literature on the occasion of its supposed passing, but also to highlight the ways in which Ancient Literature has informed the creation of  and might yet continue to re-inform our understanding of-many subsequent forms of literary expression. The course will begin, therefore, with the close textual analysis of one or more ancient literary works, and proceed with a comparative study of a text (or texts) drawn from later literary traditions. Prerequisite: any first year fall CSP writing seminar, English Writing 201, or permission of instructor.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: EUROPEPRE-1800 

220 - An Introduction to Shakespeare

An introductory study of Shakespeare's plays both as text and as performance. We will investigate five plays in detail in an attempt to establish our own relationship with the Shakespearean text. We will then view at least three films of each play and inquire into the ways in which these films seek to mediate our reception of the text, the influence this mediation has upon our view of the text, and the specific means by which each cinematic interpretation of Shakespeare is constructed. Prerequisite: any first year fall CSP writing seminar, Writing and Rhetoric 201, or permission of instructor.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: EUROPEPRE-1800 

241 - Race, Law, and Literature

A study of the construction and representation of race in selected American literary works and law cases around the turn of the twentieth century. Fiction by authors such as Mark Twain, Charles Chesnutt, William Dean Howells, and Frances Harper will be read in the context of the legal history that led up to and built upon the famous 1896 "separate but equal" Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson. Prerequisite: any first year fall CSP writing seminar, Writing and Rhetoric 201, or permission of instructor.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: UNITED STATES 

345 - American Literature Before 1990

DICKINSON. This class will read a very limited number of Dickinson'slyrics with extraordinary attention to the details of syntax, semantics, and sound. Her poetry will be analyzed against the default presumptions of "common sense" and the dominant predispositions of metaphysics. Her poetic practice will appear then not as a mimetic form but as a material intervention into linguistic habituations. To help understand the ideas she uses, we will read brief snippets of philosophy along with the works

253 - African American Literature

In this introductory class we will examine African American literature and culture by reading across genres that include multiple genres such as the slave narrative, fiction, the essay, theater and poetry. Some attention will also be paid to primary research skills and to oral presentations that are sophisticated in terms of content and multimedia. Prerequisite: any first year fall CSP writing seminar, English Writing 201, or permission of instructor.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: UNITED STATES 

255 - Twentieth Century American Fiction

Dick and Deleuze: this course will consider the novels and short stories of Philip K. Dick, perhaps the most famous and original science fiction writer of the 20th century. To decode Dick's strange fiction, we will employ the philosophy of Gilles Deleuze especially as he wrote in association with the psychologist Felix Guattari. While students will only be required to view the texts through close-reading, history, and genre considerations, our further objective will be to apply the notion of "Schizo-analytics"developed by Deleuze and Guattari to resist the materialism of late capitalism and the mental confinements supplied by Freudian portrayals of sanity. Prerequisite: Completion of Fall CSP Seminar or Equivalent
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: UNITED STATES

267 - The Death of Hip- Hop: Liner Notes to an Aesthetic Theory

If the deaths of the novel, of poetry, of painting, of sculpture, and of opera might serve as indicators, then perhaps the death of U.S. hip-hop suggests it is transforming, moving into a new phase? The thought-experiment inspiring this course does not question what might hip-hop might give to the world. On the contrary, it questions if the world can critically accept and appreciate what hip-hop might offer it. Theoretical readings include Tricia Rose's Black Noise, Adam Bradley's Book of Rhymes; Jeff Chang's Total Chaos; selections from Theodor Adorno's Aesthetic Theory and Philosophy of Music; music will include the work of Notorious BIG, J Dilla, Kanye West, Lauryn Hill, Wu Tang Clan, Outkast, and Erykah Badu. Prerequisite: Any first year fall CSP writing seminar, Writing and Rhetoric 201, or permission of instructor.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: UNITED STATES  

272 - Major Figures: Du Bois and Hyperbolic Thinking

This course is an in-depth engagement with the thought and activism of W.E.B. Du Bois. Despite the currency of some of his texts and concepts, only recently have scholars have called for a more focused engagement with Du Bois' vast and diverse set of writings. Some have reduced Du Bois' legacy to a few salient points that they say cover his entire career; others have periodized his thought too rigidly to consider its flexibility. But neither of these approaches helps us understand how and why Du Bois spent over 70 years (and over 175,000 pages) using philosophy, fiction, correspondence, editorials, novels, poetry, lectures, and historiographies to reformulate his understanding of African Americans in US society and the world. This course involves close readings of Du Bois corpus, framing him as a key thinker of modernity, democracy, and the role of the intellectual through his ongoing analysis of the African American.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: UNITED STATES

278 - Literature and Philosophy: Humor

This class will attempt to find a theory of the laughable. We will read short stories and brief novels from Twain to Nabokov and philosophers from Aristotle to Nietzsche.

279 - Literature and Politics

Body/Politics. Linking literature and politics, the course offers an interdisciplinary analysis of gender, power and the body. The theoretical center of the course will be Foucault's work on biopower. We will also look at issues of class and the body (including Chopin's The Awakening, Larsen's Passing, and Atwood's Bodily Harm); egalitarian law and the female body (Wendy Williams, Mary Poovey); science and gender (Emily Martin, Thomas Laqueur); and pornography (Catherine McKinnon, Laura Kipnis). Race and multiculturalism can also be viewed through this lens, and we will read Morrison's Beloved. Judith Butler's work offers yet another approach, questioning whether bodily differences determine sex or gender. Recent Latin American history of military rule and repression has emphasized the role of the body and memory in political change. Prerequisite: any first year fall CSP writing seminar, Writing and Rhetoric 201, or permission of instructor.

280 - Creative Writing

This creative writing workshop will focus on both fiction and poetry. Students will be required to read and write extensively, to write reports on assigned reading, to attend author readings on campus, and to participate in class examination of student work. A final portfolio is due at the end of the semester. We will examine ways of heightening imagination through both memory and perception.  The class is limited to first and second year students.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: FINE ARTS

281 - Urban Nature Writing

This course, taught by Los Angeles poet, activist, and founder of the Friends of the Los Angeles River, will include presentations, discussions, and readings drawing on the language (and poetry) of nature, of Los Angeles, of the River, of politics, and the different ways that MacAdams has himself produced language that captures his interests - and life work. The course will be taught in the second half of fall semester 2011. It may be taken independently for 2 units or linked with UEP 211, The Los Angeles River, to produce a 4-unit course.  

286 - European Literary Traditions

This course will examine literary themes and styles from a number of Pre-Modern cultures: Archaic and Classical Greece, Republican and Imperial Rome, the medieval societies of England, France, Germany, and Italy. Special emphasis will be laid upon the ways in which the concerns of ancient and medieval literature continue to shape our own immediate English and American literary productions. Genres to be covered include: epic, lyric, tragedy, comedy, long narrative, and epistle. Prerequisite: any first year fall CSP writing seminar, Writing and Rhetoric 201, or permission of instructor. Students may not receive credit for both 186 and 286.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: EUROPEPRE-1800 

287 - Early British Literary Traditions

One of the three introductory courses for the major designed to provide a broad historical background and covering texts from Beowulf through Paradise Lost. The course includes the various genres of epic, drama, and poetry, and demands both close reading and an understanding of how the texts are produced by particular cultural and historical periods.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: EUROPEPRE-1800 and REGIONAL FOCUS

288 - Modern British Literary Traditions

The course will focus on British literary traditions since 1660, with references to other national literatures. It will emphasize the close reading of both poetry and prose.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: EUROPE and REGIONAL FOCUS

289 - American Experiences

This class surveys American Literature from the Puritans to the Moderns. We will study periods, genres, authors, and cultural trends in a historical framework. Significant emphasis will be placed on responsible reading and analytic writing. Students will be introduced to the nomenclature of literary analysis through close readings of individual texts. Prerequisite: any first year fall CSP writing seminar, Writing and Rhetoric 201, or permission of instructor. Students may not receive credit for both 189 and 289.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: UNITED STATES

290 - Introduction to Literary Analysis

This course will introduce potential ECLS majors and other interested students to the basic principles and techniques of literary study.  Each section will look closely at various literary forms and will investigate the analytical resources with which these forms are most commonly approached. The course will also look at the relationship between literary texts and literary theory. Students should expect ample practice in analytical writing. It is intended principally for ECLS majors and satisfies no core requirement. Prerequisite: any first year fall CSP writing seminar, Writing and Rhetoric 201, or permission of instructor.

297 - Independent Study in ECLS

Prerequisite: permission of department.
2 or 4 units

Upper Level ECLS Courses

ECLS courses numbered 300-385 are designed primarily for ECLS majors and students from other majors with some experience in reading and writing about literature at an advanced level. Successful completion of one 100-level or 200­level ECLS course, or junior or senior standing, is required for these courses. In some cases individual instructors may require additional prerequisites, as listed below.

300 - Survey of Ancient Greek Literature

CORE REQUIREMENT MET: PRE-1800 

303 - Roman Literary Genres

The Romans to a large extent adopted the literary genres of the Greeks before them. In Roman hands, however, the genres of epic and tragedy evolved to reflect contemporary literary tastes and the emergence of Rome as the dominant power in the Mediterranean. In this course, we will consider the themes of war, love and sacrifice in Latin literature by reading Vergil's Aeneid, the little Iliad in Ovid's Metamorphoses and Seneca's Trojan Women. Students will explore the differences between "Golden and Silver Age" Latin epic and round out their examination of the course's themes in the context of the tragic genre. No knowledge of Latin is needed (but is certainly welcome). Same as LATN 300
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: PRE-1800 and REGIONAL FOCUS

309 - The Bible as Literature and Philosophy

We will read selections from the Old and New Testaments, together with Medieval and Modern commentaries by such figures as Rashi, Maimonides, Ibn Ezra, Spinoza, Badiou, Agamben, and Taubes. Prerequisite: Any 100- or 200-level ECLS course, or junior or senior standing.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: PRE-1800

310 - Medieval Literature: Poetry and Platonism in the Middles Ages

The philosophy of Plato has had many interpreters but perhaps none so important as the Neo-Platonic philosophers of late antiquity and the Middle Ages. Medieval interpretations of Plato influenced nearly every manifestation of western art and culture from the time of St. Augustine to the late 15th century and the foundation of the Platonic Academy in Florence where the actual writings of Plato were finally made available to the west. In ECLS 310 we will look at the philosophy of Plato as it was understood in the Middle Ages, and we will trace its influence on medieval literature including the poetry of Chretien deTroyes, Dante, and Chaucer in an effort to discover some of the earliest expressions of many of the principal themes in western literary culture.. Prerequisite: Any 100 or 200-level ECLS course or junior or senior standing. Can be repeated one time
CORE REQUIREMENT MET:  EUROPE ● PRE-1800 and REGIONAL FOCUS

318 - Chaucer

An analysis of Chaucer's major poetry and the insight it provides into the social, religious, philosophical, and psychological instability of the fourteenth century. We will place Chaucer's texts in the context of both literary and intellectual history, and we will confront directly their relevance to an understanding of the most persistent idioms of Western culture. Prerequisite: Any 100- or 200-level ECLS course, or junior or senior standing. Prior completion of ECLS 287 is highly recommended.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: EUROPE • PRE-1800

320 - Shakespeare

Shakespeare's plays explore the deep anxiety attached to the experience of being in the world, the instability of a personal identity rooted in nothing more substantial than its own performance. This performance, in turn, is persistently upstaged by the paradox of desire: the pleasure of longing unreconcilled with the yearning for fulfillment. We will read ten plays that span Shakespeare's career and investigate how he returns again and again to the themes of identity and desire, performance and being. In the process we will explore the questions Shakespeare raises about what it means to be in the world. Prerequisite: Any 100- or 200-level ECLS course, or junior or senior standing
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: EUROPE • PRE-1800 and REGIONAL FOCUS

322 - Renaissance Literature

An investigation of Renaissance literary texts as vehicles for conflicting, at times self-contradictory, expressions of private desire, moral authority, and political power. We will focus especially on texts of melancholy, using Hamlet in text and film as a primary focus, and including As You Like It, Shakespeare's sonnets, Webster's The Duchess of Malfi, poems by John Donne, and Milton's paired poems, "L'Allegro" and "Il Penseroso." Prerequisite: Any 100- or 200-level ECLS course, or junior or senior standing.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: EUROPE • PRE-1800

330 - Restoration and Eighteenth Century British Literature

A survey of poetry, prose and drama from 1660-1730. Authors to be studied include Aphra Behn, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, Daniel Defoe and Jonathan Swift. Prerequisite: Any 100- or 200-level ECLS course, or junior or senior standing.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: EUROPE • PRE-1800 and REGIONAL FOCUS

332 - Eighteenth Century Literature: 1730-1800

The Gothic – this class will attempt to trace the origins and oddities of gothic/horror fiction from its roots in the Bible and Shakespeare to its “official” onset in Walpole’s The Castle of Otranto. From there, we will explore its convolutions ending with Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein. Our discussion will be bracketed by the aesthetics of the sublime and the contending concepts of chaos and reproduction.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: EUROPE • PRE-1800 and REGIONAL FOCUS

345 - American Literature Before 1990

DICKINSON. This class will read a very limited number of Dickinson'slyrics with extraordinary attention to the details of syntax, semantics, and sound. Her poetry will be analyzed against the default presumptions of "common sense" and the dominant predispositions of metaphysics. Her poetic practice will appear then not as a mimetic form but as a material intervention into linguistic habituations. To help understand the ideas she uses, we will read brief snippets of philosophy along with the works

341 - Race and Literature

Bondage Up North: Rethinking Slavery. When Americans think about "bondage," the images of southern slavery generally come to mind: plantations and cotton, coffles and the Civil War. This class will consider narratives of enslavement that depart from the conventional model in order to explore the ways in which "bondage" was a part of the broader United States. What do we make of the fact that Sojourner Truth was enslaved in New York? We will read narratives and criticism that examine Northern bondage and will consider the historical erasure that has relegated this exploitation and violence to the South in the popular imagination. This class also focuses on student engagement with criticism; one of its objectives is to significantly improve student's writing competencies and confidence. Prerequisite: Any 100- or 200-level ECLS course, or junior or senior standing.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: UNITED STATES

346 - Beautiful Democracy: 19th Century Af Am Lit

This course thinks through current debates over the relationship between literary aesthetics and harmony in American democracy. Does aesthetics foster a more harmonious or disharmonious national culture? Does aesthetics create more peaceful cities and craft a common culture? Should its subject matter be legal resolutions to conflict and representations of peaceful communities? Or, is disharmony ever important to progress? How does literature represent protests for social change that are often only possible outside the law, like the many freedmen and freedwomen escaping slavery and demanding the destruction of that system? How does this alter our understandings of what it means to be “fugitive”? How can the fugitive fighting for freedom be distinguished from the unprincipled outlaw? From another perspective, we will consider how the complications of American society have altered certain traditional literary forms. While recent scholarship has addressed these questions in regards to early to mid 20th century literature, this course will look back further, starting from the early 19th century to the very beginning of the 20th. will complement the literature by reading relevant historical materials from the abolitionist movement, labor movements, government debates over Emancipation and Reconstruction, etc. The course will include literature from Frederick Douglass, Sojourner Truth, Walt Whitman, Ida B Wells, and Charles Chesnutt, amongst others, and cover several genres, including oratory, autobiography, political pamphlets and short fiction.

347 - 19th Century Novel and Bollywood Cinema

This course will examine nineteenth century British and Indian novels in dialogue with their twentieth century Bollywood adaptations. A product of the largest film industry in the world, Indian cinema is consumed globally. Questions of globalism were also central to nineteenth century novels, which were written during the height of colonial rule. We will examine the films and novels, paying particular attention to representations of cultural subject formation, gender and racial norms, and nationalist sentiment in the era of empire and the postcolonial moment. Prerequisite: Any 100 or 200-level ECLS course, or junior or senior standing.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: INTERCULTURAL and GLOBAL CONNECTIONS

351 - Twentieth Century British Fiction

Readings in late nineteenth and early twentieth century Anglo/Irish fiction, with particular attention to the crises of masculine and imperial power that early modern writers encountered and reflected in their fiction. Authors will include Conrad, Kipling, Joyce, Lawrence, Woolf, and Forster. Prerequisite: any 100 or 200-level ECLS course, or junior or senior standing.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: EUROPE

352 - Contested Territories: Ethnic/Racial Literatures of the U.S. "SouthWest"

This course will study texts which treat the "Southwest" as a determining and originary site of cultural interaction and expressive production. An attention to social geography (the felt "sense of place" effected by social history) will guide our examination of literary and popular cultural texts produced by Euro-Americans, Chicanos/Mexicanos, and Native Americans. Beginning with the hegemonic discourse of the "Southwestern Genre" (Charles F. Lummis) at the turn of the century, we will consider subsequent mediations of this historically complex and culturally rich geography.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: UNITED STATES

353 - The Global 1930s:Literature, Philosophy & Politics

Reading the Global 1930s: Depression-era Literature, Philosophy and Politics Frequently, US politicians, including President Obama, have said the Great Depression of the 1930s is the only economic crisis that surpasses the world’s current economic travails. This frequent comparison does not exhaust the significance of the Great Depression for the US or around the world. What makes the 1930s so intriguing is that, all over the world, the economic collapse spawned new or renewed older political and artistic movements. Most importantly, in the Global 1930s thinkers and artists all over the world not only rethought their political identities; they also pondered the very meaning of the political for the past, present, and the future and felt that art and philosophy were central to their investigations. This is important for humanities scholarship because even if we are currently exiting the “Second Great Depression” in terms of economic productivity, the question remains: what cultural rebuilding remains to be done and how does art contribute to such processes? 1930s writers took up this question in several different forms, through the trope of the document and its archival drive, the unconscious and the search for the Marvelous, the raised fist of labor movements or anti-racist activism. Simply put, what can the First Great Depression of the 1930s teach us about cultural reconstruction in the Second Great Depression of the early 2000s? This course will look at several literary (and related art) movements in and cutting across America, the Caribbean, and Europe. Texts will include (but are not limited to) literature from Richard Wright, Langston Hughes, and Muriel Rukeyser; from Surrealist writers in Europe and the Caribbean like Andre Breton, Aime and Suzanne Cesaire; and political readings from figures like Antonia Gramsci. Although this is a literary course, it will also be informative to students in History, Art, Philosophy and Politics.

354 - Chicano Literature

A survey of major works and authors in the Chicano literary tradition, covering the genres of poetry, novel, short story and drama. Some attention will also be paid to the relationship of literature to forms of popular culture, such as video, film, graphic art, and music. Prerequisite: Any 100- or 200-level ECLS course, or junior or senior standing.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: UNITED STATES

355 - The Global 1930s:Literature, Philosophy & Politics

Reading the Global 1930s: Depression-era Literature, Philosophy and Politics Frequently, US politicians, including President Obama, have said the Great Depression of the 1930s is the only economic crisis that surpasses the world’s current economic travails. This frequent comparison does not exhaust the significance of the Great Depression for the US or around the world. What makes the 1930s so intriguing is that, all over the world, the economic collapse spawned new or renewed older political and artistic movements. Most importantly, in the Global 1930s thinkers and artists all over the world not only rethought their political identities; they also pondered the very meaning of the political for the past, present, and the future and felt that art and philosophy were central to their investigations. This is important for humanities scholarship because even if we are currently exiting the “Second Great Depression” in terms of economic productivity, the question remains: what cultural rebuilding remains to be done and how does art contribute to such processes? 1930s writers took up this question in several different forms, through the trope of the document and its archival drive, the unconscious and the search for the Marvelous, the raised fist of labor movements or anti-racist activism. Simply put, what can the First Great Depression of the 1930s teach us about cultural reconstruction in the Second Great Depression of the early 2000s? This course will look at several literary (and related art) movements in and cutting across America, the Caribbean, and Europe. Texts will include (but are not limited to) literature from Richard Wright, Langston Hughes, and Muriel Rukeyser; from Surrealist writers in Europe and the Caribbean like Andre Breton, Aime and Suzanne Cesaire; and political readings from figures like Antonia Gramsci. Although this is a literary course, it will also be informative to students in History, Art, Philosophy and Politics.

356 - Black Reconstruction:Rethinking Black Radicalism in African American Literature

Through lecture and class discussion, this course focuses on writings from African American authors pondering the possibilities and goals of reconstructing their communities and the United States at large. We will cover multiple literary genres-including poetry, slave narrative, novel, and the essay, among others-used in the African American literary tradition placed in their historical, cultural, and institutional contexts. By reading the African American literary tradition in these contexts, we will pursue a number of questions, regarding issues of political agency, the role of the writer as intellectual, the relationship of literature to the folk, and literature as an avenue of recovering alternative histories. Prerequisite: Any 100 or 200-level ECLS course or junior or senior standing.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: UNTIED STATES

358 - Modern Poetry

This course will be devoted to studying the work of a series of major figures in poetry and poetics. Each of these-Pound, Eliot, Stein, Stevens, H.D., Williams, Oppen, and members of the New York School-undertakes ambitious experiments that expand the formal and perceptual bounds of poetry. The purpose of the course is to read each poem carefully and slowly; and to understand major artistic movements as they address culture, including war, urbanization and capitalism, the fragmentation of identity, and changes in technology. We will specifically examine the use of collage. Students will have opportunities to write analytically and/or creatively. T.S. Eliot: "poets in our civilization, as it exists at present, must be difficult. Prerequisite: Any 100- or 200-level ECLS course, or junior or senior standing.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: UNTIED STATES

359 - Probing the Limits of Representation: The Holocaust

The Holocaust has been positioned at the limits of representation -- as the indescribable, the incomprehensible. The impossibility of adequately expressing the atrocities of the Holocaust stands in contrast to the need to transmit knowledge about this event to later generations. Attempts to represent the Holocaust, to describe and understand this event and its implications, are numerous and have occurred across a wide range of media forms (literature, film, photography, art, music, monuments, etc.), and genres (as in documentary, drama, comedy, science fiction). As the Holocaust recedes in time and the numbers of living historical witnesses and survivors decline, these representations increasingly shape our perception and understanding of the event. This course will investigate literary, filmic, and artistic representations of the Holocaust, focusing in particular on questions of ethics, aesthetics, and history. We will begin with a historical survey and then turn to examining the various debates and controversies surrounding the issue of representation of the Shoah and discuss some of the theoretical texts that have shaped the area of Holocaust Studies. Finally, we will explore the ways in which these written, filmic, and artistic cultural artifacts have attempted to narrate the events of the Holocaust, and examine exemplary responses to the Shoah in a variety of media forms and genres. The course will deal with questions of ethics and aesthetics, such as the meaning of art and the limits of historical representation. What are the aesthetic and ethical implications of creating art about the Holocaust? Does all representation entail an aestheticization of horror? What are the implications of the commercialization of the Holocaust? Students will obtain a basic grasp of the historical events; they will gain an interdisciplinary, personalized, historical, and cultural understanding of this genocide; and are exposed to ongoing debates regarding the limits of representation of the Holocaust. Prerequisites for ECLS 359: any 200-level ECLS course, or permission of instructor.Same as GERM 320
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: INTERCULTURA

365 - Contemporary Literature

The Anglophone Novel. This course will focus on the global novel in English. By 1914 the British Empire had colonized almost 85% of the world, bringing diverse cultural traditions under the encyclopedic gaze of Western modernity. If part of the project of the colonial apparatus was to collect knowledge of the world in ways that bodies, cultures, and landscapes could be understood and ordered by the West, contemporary societies are now negotiating their own means of self-representation in the often violent space of postcolonial rupture. Throughout the term, we will work with texts and visual images produced out of, and in response to, the history of the colonial encounter. Drawing on a broad range of literary, filmic, and theoretical materials we will develop strategies for understanding the production and consumption of postcolonial representation, in both local and global contexts. As consumers of these cultural products within the space of the Western academy, we will be attentive to the function of the stereotype as we consider representations of gender and sexuality, violence and terrorism, class structures, and migration. Texts considered will include Arundhati Roy's The God of Small Things, Tsitsi Dangarembga's Nervous Conditions, Shani Mootoo's Cereus Blooms at Night, and Tayeb Salih's Season of Migration to the North. Prerequisiste: Any 100- or 200-level ECLS course, or junior or senior standing.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: UNITED STATES

Directions in Contemporary American Fiction. An examination of innovative literary techniques and thematic preoccupations in significant works of American fiction written since the end of WWII. Among the writers we will consider are Ralph Ellison, Sandra Cisneros, Don DeLillo, Kurt Vonnequt, Tim O'Brien, and Louise Erdrich. Prerequisite: Any 100- or 200-level ECLS course, or junior or senior standing.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: UNITED STATES

Comparative U.S. /Latino Cultural Studies. Through analyses of literature, film, music and graphic arts we will explore how Latinos have understood and represented their individual and collective social experiences in the United States. In order to allow some depth of comparison, primary attention will be given to the expressive cultures of Chicanos in Los Angeles and Puerto Ricans in New York. However, other national-origin Latino communities will be selectively incorporated to the course. Secondary texts of cultural criticism, social theory and community history will be read alongside the primary creative texts. Prerequisite: Any 100- or 200-level ECLS course, or junior or senior standing.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: UNITED STATES

367 - IIluminated Manuscripts: From Comic Books to Graphic Literaure

This course will study the evolution of word-and-image narratives from their pulp origins in early superhero and action comics to their contemporary emergence as a recognized medium of "high" cultural expression. The texts will be primarily from the United States, but some attention may be given to foreign works in translation. In addition, we may also consider how graphic narratives compare as a medium to related works in print literature and cinema. Prerequisite: Any 100 or 200-level ECLS course or junior or senior standing.
CORE REQUIREMENTS MET: UNITED STATES

368 - Post Colonial Literature and Theory

This course will provide an introduction to some of the critical issues (modernity, hybridity, nationalism, globalization, etc.) that link disparate national literatures under the sign of "postcoloniality." While the major focus of the class will be on the theoretical texts produced in response to colonial occupation and the process of decolonization, we will also consider the ways in which postcolonial literature performs, and at times challenges, the paradigms of postcolonial theory. Through this engagement we will develop an understanding of the complex dialogue which emerges between literature and theory in the postcolonial context. In addition, throughout the course, we will look at how the many stylistic techniques (e.g., the use of patois, magical realism, temporal experimentation) which are particular to this body of literature not only develop a new mode of expression, but also interrogate the conventions of the Western canon. In this manner, our analysis of literature will be supplemented by a consideration of postcolonial theory in order to contextualize the literature within an understanding of the particular historical, political, and social discourses from which it emerges. Conversely, our study of theory will be anchored in a discussion of the ways in which it is materially practiced in its accompanying literary context. This survey will include authors such as Aimé Césaire, Arundhati Roy, as well as Gayatri Spivak, Homi Bhabha, and Edward Said. Prerequisite: Any 100- or 200-level ECLS course, or junior or senior standing.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: INTERCULTURAL

369 - Archaeologies of Black Memory

This course engages with recent theoretical, aesthetic, and practical concerns with the "archive" in the Black Diaspora. We will focus especially on how scholars on the Black Diaspora have thought critically and imaginatively about the archive, blurring the lines between critical discourse, historical investigation, and aesthetic representation. In this hybrid space, perhaps we will hear the silences that speak so loudly about black subjection and agency in the archive. Theory from David Scott and Michel Foucault, text art from Glenn Ligon, travel narratives from Saidiya Hartman, and poetry from the likes of Langston Hughes and Marlene Nourbese Philip will aid our exploration.Prerequisite: Successful completion of one 100- or 200-level ECLS course, or junior or senior standing.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: UNITED STATES and US DIVERSITY

370 - Literary Criticism

This course engages with recent theoretical, aesthetic, and practical concerns with the "archive" in the Black Diaspora. We will focus especially on how scholars on the Black Diaspora have thought critically and imaginatively about the archive, blurring the lines between critical discourse, historical investigation, and aesthetic representation. In this hybrid space, perhaps we will hear the silences that speak so loudly about black subjection and agency in the archive. Theory from David Scott and Michel Foucault, text art from Glenn Ligon, travel narratives from Saidiya Hartman, and poetry from the likes of Langston Hughes and Marlene Nourbese Philip will aid our exploration.Prerequisite: Successful completion of one 100- or 200-level ECLS course, or junior or senior standing.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: UNITED STATES

372 - Major Figures in Literature

Faulkner and Morrison. Discussion of the major novels of William Faulkner and Toni Morrison with an emphasis on the ordeal of race in American culture. Prerequisise: Any 100- or 200-level ECLS course, or junior or senior standing.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: UNITED STATES and US DIVERSITY

373 - A Genre in Literature

Lavender Cowboys: The Erotics of the American Western. An exploration of the fantasy world of cowboys (and Indians and others) inscribed on the American West, from Texas to California to Wyoming, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Through close readings of themes of violence and sexuality, we will consider the ways in which the Western reflected or responded to an evolving sociopolitical culture of "manliness." Primary writers will include Mark Twain, Owen Wister, Theodore Roosevelt, Mary Austin, Zane Grey, and Willa Cather, but we will also spend some time considering the lingering presence of the West in 21st century culture. Prerequisite: any 100 or 200-level ECLS course, or junior or senior standing.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: UNITED STATES

374 - Women Writers

In 2010-2011: Women novelists of the 19th and 20th centuries: Anglo-American writers Charlotte Bronte, George Eliot, Kate Chopin, Virginia Woolf; and African American writers Harriet Jacobs, Nella Larsen, Zora Neale Hurston, Alice Walker, Toni Morrison, and Jamaica Kincaid.

375 - Lit and Hist: Blackness: Literary, Theoretical and Historical Explorations

This course provides a conceptual history of "blackness" as it shapes and is shaped by the aesthetic, the philosophical, and the political. Although the course could be described as a study of marginal identity, its true focus is on nonidentity-the creative flux at the heart of blackness and, by extension, humanity at large. The course stages an encounter between the theories and aesthetics of the Black Radical tradition, on the one hand, and Western leftist theory, particularly Marxism, on the other. We will read short, poignant essays/chapters from theorists like Cedric Robinson, Karl Marx, Saidiya Hartman, Fred Moten, and Niccolò Machiavelli. These theoretical essays will be read alongside literary "case studies" from African American (and some African Diasporic) writers, in the genres of slave narrative, the novel, and experimental poetry, including Frederick Douglass, Zora Neale Hurston, W.E.B. Du Bois, Gayl Jones, Nathaniel Mackey, and Marlene Nourbese Philip. Prerequisite: Successful completion of one 100- or 200-level ECLS course, or junior or senior standing
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: UNITED STATES

377 - Literature and the Other Arts

Orson Welles and Literature: Often rated the greatest film maker of the 20th century, this course will attempt to understand Welles use of literature. We will begin with his Shakespeare films, pass through Kafka, and detective fiction to end with a close examination of his filmic realization of his own novel, Mr. Arkadin.The course will supply a rudimentary introduction to film history, technology, and theory. Prerequisiste: Any 100- or 200-level ECLS course, or junior or senior standing.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: UNITED STATES

Urban Fictions: The Modern City in Literature, Film, and Popular Culture. This course studies texts in several expressive media and literary genres which have as their subject the problems and promise of urban life in major world-cities of the 19th and 20th centuries. Among the cities we may consider are London, Paris, New York, Los Angeles and Mexico City. Field study in Los Angeles may be incorporated as pertinent events or opportunities come up.

Imaging the Image. The term "photography" means light writing. As such, it implies a form of language that is unmediated by authorial intention. What the history of photo application has demonstrated, whether digital or analog, is that photography often uses its appearance as unbiased to disguise its indebtedness to the tradition of image and the imaginary. Thus, photography and its varieties ─ film, television, computer, etc. ─ have come to represent our talent for virtualization, not truth. Since the 19th century, literature has explored this double aspect of photography ─ as realism and as ideology or deception. This class will explore this relation using theorists such as Peirce and Berger. The works studied will range from Hawthorne to Dick.

378 - Literature and Philosophy

Schools of Being in the House of Style. In this course, we shall attempt to come to terms with that most elusive feature of literary and all other arts: style. By surveying selected moments in the history of philosophy, literature, music and the plastic arts, we shall put to the test the idea that style, though non-propositional, may in fact have a kind of referent, a referent to which (to use the language of Heidegger) is not ontic, but ontological. Style, in other words, might be taken to refer not to any particular thing in the world, but to how things are, and come to be, in general. The course will thus attempt first to discern some of the major stylistic shifts in Western, aesthetic history, and then to theorize them.

380 - Writing Identity

In this multi-genre creative writing workshop, we will explore the paradox of identity. Author Sandra Cisneros' has said you should "write about what makes you different." What does this mean and where does it lead you? How do we evoke culture, class, ethnicity in our work? How can we (and might we want to) situate our work in a specific time and place, to locate our characters in a world so particular only we can describe it? Besides writing and sharing their own work, students will be asked to read and discuss a variety of writers who explore identity and difference, including Gish Jen, Nam Le, Paul Beatty and Jeannette Winterson. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing

382 - Advanced Creative Writing

Students familiar with the elements of craft-setting, characterization, plot, dialogue, etc.-will produce several new stories and revise them, and will read and critique the works of their peers. In─class writing exercises and outside readings will also be required. Prerequisite: Junior and senior standing.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: FINE ARTS

390 - Junior Seminar in ECLS

The Junior Seminar is a small, discussion-oriented seminar required of all majors, emphasizing advanced critical approaches to a literary topic. Enrollment is limited and restricted to ECLS majors.

Objects of Beauty. In her recent book, On Beauty and Being Just, Elaine Scarry makes the claim that "At the moment we see something beautiful, we undergo a radical decentering." Others might suggest that notions of beauty have been used precisely to center certain normative standards, often violently marginalizing those who do not adhere. Whether dismissed as frivolous, theorized as a philosophical category of inquiry, or politicized in the service of feminist or anti-racist discourse, beauty does many things: it captivates, it incites pleasure and desire, it oppresses and subjugates, and it excludes. Throughout the course of this term, we will evaluate Scarry's claim, looking at texts dealing with both theoretical and practical aspects of aesthetic experience. Beginning with Aristotle, we will evaluate Western theorizations of beauty through the Enlightenment and into the contemporary era. In addition, we will look at how non-Western writers have responded to aesthetic norms imposed upon them. Texts such as Paula Black's The Beauty Industry and Robert Young's Colonial Desire, will provide a framework for examining how politics of race, class, and gender shape questions of aesthetic value. Within this theoretical context, we will consider representations of beauty in print and visual culture, including popular cinema and literature.

The Greeks . . . in Theory. This course will examine the ways in which critical theory has been used to understand Ancient Greece, and (conversely) the ways in which Ancient Greece has been used to develop critical theory; possible authors for consideration in this course would include Nietzsche, Heidegger, Lacan, Derrida, Foucault, Nancy, Agamben. Particular attention will be paid not only to the manner in which the Greeks exemplify this or that theory, but the way in which, somehow, they always seem to exceed the models thrust upon them; the course will thus emphasize hermeneutics, the problem of interpretation as such.

Textual Mappings: The Literary Politics of Space and Place. This course will consider the significant spatial turn in recent literary and cultural studies. We will review key works of geographic materialist theory and criticism, and apply their insights to our reading of contemporary world fiction, poetry, and graphic narrative. The primary works of literature (and perhaps some films) will be selected for their representation of socio-political dynamics in regions of heightened spatial contestation (such as Israel/Palestine, apartheid-era South
Africa, or metropolitan inner cities), or for their mediation of such spatially inflected experiences as exile, migration, urbanization, and deterritorialization.

297 - Independent Study in ECLS

Prerequisite: permission of department.
2 or 4 units

490 - Senior Seminar: ECLS Comprehensive Project

In this course seniors will design and carry out advanced research projects in areas of their own interests. Seminar meetings will be devoted to discussion of a core group of theoretical and/or historical texts (varying from year to year) and to practical issues of sophisticated literary critical work. The course will result in a substantial critical paper, a version of which will be presented at the spring ECLS senior symposium in satisfaction of Occidental's comprehensive requirement. Open only to senior ECLS majors

499 - Honors in ECLS

Research, writing, and defense of the honors thesis in ECLS. May be taken for 4 units fall or spring, or for 2 units fall and spring. Prerequisite: permission of department.
2 units (fall and spring) or 4 units (fall or spring)