Diplomacy & World Affairs

Courses

101 - International Relations: The Changing Rules of the Game

The purposes of this course are: 1) to introduce fundamental tools and perspectives on the study of world politics, including major theories and analytical approaches to international relations; 2) to understand the historical evolution of the contemporary international system, with special emphasis on the post-World War II era; 3) to apply theoretical and conceptual understandings of international relations to current issues in world politics. Emphasis is placed on the state and trans-state foundations of contemporary international relations. We will study this in the context of such key issues as economic development, "security", human rights, state-building, international organizations, terrorism, and the intersection of social relations with world politics.
Open to Frosh and Sophomores, Juniors and Seniors by instructor permission only

201 - International Organizations

A survey of the role of international organizations in global politics. The focus will be on an in-depth study of the three themes by which the United Nations has defined itself: Security, Human Rights, and Development. Within the rubric of those three themes we will look at activities by the U.N. family of agencies, other international organizations, and NGOs on issues that include the management of violent conflict, human rights and how they have been mainstreamed into the work of international organizations, and approaches to economic underdevelopment that seek to alleviate both poverty and insecurity. Prerequisite: DWA 101

220 - International Political Economy

This course is an undergraduate survey of the field of international political economy (IPE).  It is intended as an introduction for students who already have some background in the field of international relations and are interested in exploring international economic relations at a deeper level.  The course covers major theoretical, empirical, and policy perspectives. The theme to be explored in this course is "National Interest vs. Global Governance?" - that is, we will explore the theory and history of international political economy as an extension of national interest and an arena for the development of global governance, and the question of whether or not these two dimensions of international political economy are compatible or competitive with each other. The first part of the course will cover the basic concepts and theoretical foundations of IPE. The focus is on core theoretical principles and approaches.  The goal is to understand how theory is framed and "works," the potential inferences of this theory, and the issues of contention within the field. The second part of the course draws on the theoretical foundations to examine a set of specific international economic issue arenas, including international trade, finance and economic development. SAME AS POLS 232

221 - International Development

Against the backdrop of 840 million persons worldwide suffering from malnourishment and nearly 1.3 billion people living on less than a dollar per day, this course surveys the field of international development, wealth creation, and global welfare from an historical, global and comparative perspective. It will introduce students to the field's academic contours, building from the historic role of economics in pioneering and undergirding the field to a broad understanding of now inter-disciplinary field that has emerged. The multi-disciplinary and inter-disciplinary perspective of this introductory survey course is in keeping with an emerging global consensus that measures of poverty go beyond income and consumption and that poverty reduction requires bridging disciplines (economics, political science, history, anthropology, geography) and methods (quantitative and qualitative, observational and participatory). The course will be divided into two parts. During the first part of the course, students will be introduced to the main theoretical ideas on social, economic and political development that have informed the field's evolution. This will familiarize students with fundamental thinking on development as well as the frontiers of research. The second part of the course will explore some of the current debates about development. Students will analyze such debates in a rigorously multi-dimensional and inter-disciplinary manner. 

222 - Latin America Political Economy

This course introduces students to the political economy of Latin America. The first section of the course looks at the rise of dependency theory and import substitution industrialization (ISI) as the region’s predominant development strategy. We will study the motivations behind ISI, its initial success in terms of economic growth, and the challenges associated with such strategies of development. We will focus on the origins of the 1980s debt crisis, the abolishing of the ISI model, and the subsequent turn to neoliberal development strategies. The course aims to provide students with a deeper understanding of the transition to neoliberalism, the so-called Washington Consensus, and the broader political and economic implications of the reform processes that have unfolded since the early 1980s. We will study the interaction between democratization and economic reform and aim to understand how these simultaneous transitions have affected the policymaking process and the formation of public policy in the region. Latin America is a diverse region; therefore, this course will emphasize its economic and political diversity.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: REGIONAL FOCUS

225 - Introduction to Human Rights

This course offers students an interdisciplinary introduction to the historical and philosophical foundations of human rights, the creation of the international human rights regime in the mid-20th century, the impact of social movements on the evolution of international human rights laws and norms, and the impediments to the realization of human rights in practice. Through exploring thematic concerns such as women’s rights, LGBT rights, torture, capital punishment, international responses to genocide, and corporate responsibility, we will engage contemporary debates surrounding the universality of human rights, the relationship between human rights and inter/national security, the duty-holders of human rights law, and the gap between human rights ideals and enforcement.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: GLOBAL CONNECTIONS and INTERCULTURAL

229 - Intro to Human Rights: Focus on the Americas

After a review of the historical, legal, and conceptual underpinnings of the international protection of human rights, students in this course will learn about human rights and mechanisms for their protection within the context of the United States and Latin America. Students will discuss key situations from the last half century involving challenges to human rights, including the phenomenon of disappearances common in Argentina and Chile in the 1970s, the application of the death penalty in the United States, and the current “war on drugs” in Mexico and Central America. In the course of these discussions, students will learn about national and international mechanisms for the promotion and enforcement of human rights, such as the incorporation of treaties into national law, the use of the Alien Tort Statute in the United States, and the decisions of the Inter-American Commission and Court of Human Rights. They will also have a chance to examine the United States from a double perspective: one the one hand, as a key country with a major interest and impact on human rights conditions in Latin America, and on the other, as a country with its own policy areas of struggle and progress.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET - LATIN AMERICA and REGIONAL FOCUS

230 - Gender and International Human Rights

This course will explore the evolution of women's rights as human rights, the struggle of women's movements to place gender-specific concerns on the international human rights agenda, and the relationship of the UN and its agencies to the broad feminist goal of advancing the political, economic, social, and cultural status of women. While "women" are of necessity central to the concerns of this course, the study of human rights will be approached from a gender perspective, recognizing that gender relations is key to understanding the nature, occurrence, and prevention of rights violations. Key themes to be covered in the course include the relationship between the "crisis of masculinity" and women's human rights; gender and economic rights, gender-based violence, and health and human rights

231 - Gender & IR

This 2-credit seminar explores how assumptions of masculinity and femininity have informed foundational concepts and theories in the field of International Relations, the determination of what is considered to be worthy of investigation and what qualifies as appropriate methods of investigation, and who is (and is not) recognized as a subject of international politics. It applies a gender lens to practical concerns in the field, including political and economic development, the environment, human rights, and violent conflict. And it engages the tensions associated with theorizing gender and IR, given the fluidity and intersectionality of identity. In the spring, a 2-credit seminar will be offered that focuses more in-depth on the theme of gender and security.   
2 units

232 - Gender & Security

This 2-credit seminar explores how taking gender seriously unsettles the traditional dominance in International Relations of state-centered and military-oriented approaches to security. The course will engage questions such as: What are the consequences of women’s invisibility in security theory and practice? Who is being secured by security practices? What is the relationship between gender construction, militarism, and war? How is conflict gendered? What is the relevance of gender to conflict resolution, peace-building, and post-conflict justice?
2 units

233 - Development and Human Rights in South East Asia

The course will explore the tensions that have arisen in South East Asian countries between the promotion of economic development and the realization of human rights. Through case studies of Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, and Indonesia, we will engage in critical thinking and debate, examining such topics as the legacy of colonialism in the region; state-civil society relations; the politics of religion and ethnicity; the construction of gender roles and identities; and the implications the tsunami disaster has had on both development and human rights in the region.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: CENTRAL, SOUTH, AND EAST ASIA

234 - South African Politics

This course examines the political dynamics of apartheid and post-apartheid South Africa. Particular emphasis is placed on the development of black political opposition since the 1970s, including both militant action against the state, as well as inter-ethnic political action and violence.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST

235 - Nationalism and Ethnicity

This course will explore nationalism and ethnicity from both a theoretical and empirical perspective. Nationalist and ethnic discourses have always been central to political movements, rebellions and revolutions. The passions and commitment of individual members in these movements often leads to political ideologies and war tactics that are violent and which encompasses entire communities. The course will use examples from Southern Africa, South Asia and Eastern Europe.

237 - Cuba, China, Vietnam: Communism in a Post Communism World

The course will examine some of the communist countries that have survived the collapse of the Soviet Union, specifically: Cuba, Vietnam, and China. We will discuss the political and social life within each country, their relationship to the United States and the prospects for political change.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: INTERCULTURAL and GLOBAL CONNECTIONS

238 - South Asian Diaspora

This class will focus on South Asians who were indentured to British colonies from 1860, immediately following the abolition of slavery. Over one million Indians were indentured to Mauritius, South Africa, Guyana, Trinidad, and Fiji. South Asians currently constitute a substantial proportion of the population in each of these countries, and they are in the majority in Mauritius and Trinidad. We will conduct a comparative study based on theoretical perspectives related to diaspora's, globalization, trans-state identities, and analytical themes associated with identity andcitizenship. 

240 - Comparative Revolutions

This course will examine why, how, and when voices of dissent turn into a full-scale revolutionary movement. We will compare and contrast revolutions that have taken place in different social, political, and cultural contexts (e.g., Nicaraguan Revolution, 1989 Revolutions of Eastern Europe, and the Ukrainian Orange Revolution).

241 - International Relations of the Middle East

A study of Middle-Eastern international relations in the context of three themes that structure the region's modern political history:
1. Colonialism: how the reaction against colonialism continued to define and limit Middle-Eastern politics, both internally and in its relations with outside powers.
2. Religion: in particular, political Islam (or "fundamentalism") is a key variable in the region's contemporary politics, but by no means all-defining.
3. Nationalism(s): a source of political identity and mobilization. How religious, national, linguistic, and ethnic nationalisms inform conflict and cooperation within the region.

In the context of these three themes, we will explore the following regional issues with global implications:
1. The Arab-Israeli conflict. The flash point of conflict in the Middle-East, the Arab-Israeli conflict can only be understood on the basis of an informed appreciation of its historical and ideological underpinnings.
2. Iran. The Iranian revolution had an enormous impact on regional and international affairs. Current unrest within Iran is, perhaps, a harbinger of yet another radical shift in Iranian politics.
3. Domestic upheaval in the region as seen in the Arab uprisings of 2011-12. .

Despite this being an "IR" class, on-the-ground social and political movements ("domestic," yet transnationally informed) have an enormous impact on the region's politics. This is particularly true in the shadow of the recent Arab uprisings on which we will place particular attention.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST and REGIONAL FOCUS

242 - Revolutionary Iran in Historical Perspective

Iran has experienced crisis, revolts, and revolution more than any other country in the region. The level of revolutionary zeal, ideological debates, and mass participation has elicited unprecedented attention by media experts and academics's endeavoring to resolve what is termed as "Persian Puzzle" or "Iranian Paradox". In view of remarkable infrequency of revolutions, Nikki Keddie - the eminent scholar of modern Iran ─ has devoted years of research in striving to answer the question, "why has Iran been revolutionary?" She reiterates that Iran has seen more modern revolutions than any country in the Muslim world and more than most countries anywhere. Consequently, the course on "Revolutionary Iran" addresses the following question: Is there anything peculiar or particular about Iran that could explain the rise of modern revolutionary movement? The course critically examines the theoretical and historical perspectives that have been proposed to answer this question.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST 

243 - Law, War Crimes and Transnational Politics

This course will focus on the international community's efforts since World War II to bring an end to impunity for those who violate fundamental human rights and humanitarian norms. International efforts to bring violators to justice from Nuremberg to the International Criminal Court will be the primary focus of the class. The class will also discuss more recent efforts to bring civil lawsuits against individuals and corporations for their complicity in human rights violations.

244 - Modern Iran: Society & Politics

This course is a survey of Iranian politics and society from the establishment of the Qajar dynasty in the late nineteenth century to the present. The aims of the course are twofold. (1) To introduce students to major events shaping Iranian politics over the last century. Among the topics covered are the rise and demise of the Qajar dynasty, the Persian Constitutional Revolution, the rise and fall of the Pahlavi dynasty, the role of Western imperialism, the geopolitics of oil, the 1979 Iranian Revolution, the Iran-Iraq war, the crisis of theocracy, etc., and (2) To expose students to a set of theoretical and analytical issues underlying Iran's political development: the causes and consequences of revolutions; state-society relations; secularism and modernization; fundamentalism and reform; pluralism and democracy; autocracy and clientelism; corruption and the rentier state. Above all, this course is design to help students think, talk and write in an informed and critical manner about politics in modern Iran.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST and REGIONAL FOCUS

249 - Public Health & Human Rts: Global and Local Practices

This course explores core concepts in global public health, the development of human rights' instruments, and how these two fields have increasingly intersected in global and local public health work. Specifically, we will review public health methods of measurement and analysis -- spanning epidemiological, economic, and political approaches -- to understand if and how a rights-based approach to health can inform more critical and more productive approaches to issues such as HIV/AIDS and other sexual and reproductive health concerns. Finally, this course examines how global public health issues have generated dramatically different responses across and within regions and countries and communities. We will particularly focus on the experience of Brazil given its changing role in the global economy and its progressive public health approach. Same at UEP 209

250 - International Security

This course is an introduction to international security and strategic studies. This field is fundamentally about both the use of force by and violent conflict among states and non-state actors. The course will be guided by general theoretical questions regarding security: How does violent conflict, or competitions shaped by the lurking possibili¬ty of such conflict, affect international relations and individual societies? How has the role of violent conflict in international politics changed since the end of World War II? What is the nature of security today? These general questions will frame explorations of more specific strategic questions. Such questions will include: How do states and non-state actors use force to persuade their enemies to take (coercion) or refrain from taking (deterrence) a particular action? How can nations best prepare to prevent violent conflicts or to win them if they occur? What has determined success and failure, the intensity, duration, and consequences of military action? We will have a particular focus on emerging transnational security issues, intra-state security, and the relationship among security, development and state failure. Pursuing answers to these questions will require an approach that integrates theory, history and current events. Same as POLS 233

252 - Security Issues in South Asia

While Washington policymakers during the Cold War paid only episodic attention to South Asia, the region has become a focal point for U.S. security policy over the last decade or so. Since the nuclear weapon tests by India and Pakistan in 1998, their entrenched, conflict-prone strategic rivalry has acquired a much more dangerous edge. The region is also the epicenter of global terrorism, with Islamabad simultaneously acting as a sponsor of the Taliban forces fighting in Afghanistan and serving as a pivotal U.S. ally in the war against Islamist terrorism. Finally, after decades of disdain about India's strategic potential, U.S. officials have invested singular energy in recent years in developing what is a tacitly anti-China security partnership with India. Although South Asia encompasses a number of countries, this course will focus on the region's two most important powers - India and Pakistan - and their relationships with the United States and China - the two extra-regional powers that have the most influence on regional affairs. The following topics will receive special attention: The sources of and prospects for the India-Pakistan strategic rivalry, including the long-standing territorial dispute over Kashmir and the more recent competition for influence in Afghanistan. The effects of nuclear proliferation on India-Pakistan interactions. The economic rise of India and its implications for New Delhi's security posture, especially vis-à-vis Islamabad, Washington and Beijing Pakistan's national prospects and their security implications. China's growing role in regional security affairs The emergence of non-traditional security challenges in the region (e.g., conflicts over access to natural resources, population pressures.) The impact of South Asian security issues on U.S. strategic interests, the development of U.S. bilateral relations with India and Pakistan, and the management of the triangular relationship.
CORE REQUIREMENTS MET: INTERCULTURAL

253 - Security in Asia

China’s return (as opposed to rise) to its proportional place in the global economy has arguably caused a pivot towards Asia by the United States. While America’s hegemonic status in terms of hard (military) power remains undisputed, China’s gross domestic product may surpass that of the United States as soon as 2017. This course is a seminar on Asian security, covering military security, non-traditional security, and economic and political security, among other dimensions. The course surveys the Asian region with particular emphasis on Southeast Asia (the ASEAN countries, particularly Cambodia, Burma/Myanmar, Thailand, and Singapore) and Northeast Asia (China, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan). The material is divided into three parts. The first provides an overall introduction and overview of Asian security and focuses on the foundations of what was thought to be the Asian Miracle (created in part from a US security umbrella) just as the Washington Consensus rose to prominence. It takes students through the Asian Financial Crisis and its aftermath. Part II of the classes focuses on Japan, South Korea, China, and Taiwan. It describes their development trajectories and security arrangements. Part III uses China as a platform to examine other parts of Asia not already covered, such as China’s relationship with Southeast Asia and the political economy of non-traditional security, in particular the region’s experience with Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: REGIONAL FOCUS

254 - Transnational Security: Understanding Gray Area Phenomena

The course will provide a conceptual framework for understanding the evolving scope and dimension of transnational security in the contemporary era. The unit will include an examination of the principal features of the current international system that are serving to foster gray area phenomenon; an analysis of five specific threats that have received particular attention in terms of their destabilizing potential (terrorism, drug smuggling, weapons trafficking, maritime piracy, the spread of disease, pandemics, environmental degradation/change); and an assessment of how these challenges can best be mitigated at both the domestic and global level.

255 - Understanding Terrorism and Global Security through Cyborgs, Zombies and Morgoths

The course will use popular culture allegories as a strategy for building a complex understanding of the nature of transnational terrorism in the post-9/11 era and challenges faced by policy makers in this arena. It will begin with a review of key approaches and concepts in security studies and will confront different definitions of terrorism. The course will then go on to discuss certain policy responses that have elicited particular concern, such as torture, assassination, surveillance programs, detention without trial and deliberate entrapment. Cyborg, Zombie, and Lord of The Ring allegories will serve to illustrate different conceptual and practical approaches to terrorism. The course will conclude with an examination of the different implications for policy decision making suggested by the use of different allegories.

260 - Model United Nations

Research, discussion and analysis of important issues in international relations in preparation for a three day college conference in early April. Student delegates role play as ambassadors for countries and present views, negotiating with other representatives and arguing for possible resolutions in a simulation of the United Nations. 

265 - Global History of the United States: 20th and 21st Centuries

This course will examine the political, military, economic, and cultural interactions between the United States and the rest of the world from the Spanish-American War to the present day. Taking a much broader view than traditional diplomatic histories, the course will weave together analyses of major diplomatic initiatives, armed conflicts, and the ways in which the cultures and economies of the U.S. and other nations have influenced one another. Topics will include the causes and consequences of wars, the meaning of American empire, and the flow of consumer goods, languages, music, dance, motion pictures, fashion, social norms, and people to and from the U.S..
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: UNITED STATES

266 - History and Theory of International Politics

This course aims to introduce students to both analytic and normative approaches to the study of international politics. In the first part of the course the historiography of both the states-system and the academic discipline of International Relations (IR) are examined, along with the methodological issues underlying IR (and the social sciences in general). The second part of the course is devoted to learning about theories of international politics - e.g. (Neo)Realism, (Neo)Liberalism, (Neo)Marxism, Post-modernism/-structuralism, Gender and IR, Constructivism - and examining the debates within and between them. The Last part of the course considers the application and implications of theories discussed to and for major present-day trends and developments such as globalization, militarism, financial crises, extremism, and environmental degradation. This course is, above all, designed to help students think, talk and write in an informed and critical manner about international issues.

280 - Globalization: Issues and Controversies

The course explores the various facets of the globalization process, its causes and wide-ranging consequences, and its implications for U.S. domestic and foreign policy as well as for global governance. Has globalization benefited East Asia, Africa, and Latin America? What have been the differing impacts on those regions? Questions that will be addressed include: *what are conceptual perspectives on globalization? *what are globalization's economic dimensions? *what are globalization's cultural dimensions? *what impact has globalization had on issues such as global health and illicit trafficking in peoples and goods? *what are the political consequences of globalization? *what are policy responses to the challenges globalization presents?
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: INTERCULTURAL and GLOBAL CONNECTIONS

281 - Media & Global Change

This course will explore the past present and future role of media in shaping global change and guide students in the development of a global media campaign. The campaign will be the culmination of an inquiry around media as a tool for social change. From pivotal news events of the last 20 years, to the rise of reality television, social media and declining influence of print and broadcast journalism, this course will use media literacy, case studies and comparative analysis of news coverage, critical analysis of cinema, trends in art and culture to explore media’s impact on social norms and cultural-narratives. Specifically, we will examine the role of media in various revolutions worldwide-- the recent role of social media in the overthrow and transition of the Egyptian government (The Square), the role of song in South Africa’s struggle for freedom and international news coverage of the Feminist Movement and the Black Panther party. How is it that movements are organized using media as a tool for social-change? Professional writers, media executives and branding experts will be guest speakers for viewing-salons that will be scheduled throughout the semester. Students will: learn media literacy skills and develop critical thinking by engaging with the role media plays in major historical, cultural and social issues; become active learners as they gain proficiency to approach their own personal inquiries with creativity and scholarly rigor; gain expression through visual storytelling, data visualization and social media as they create their own Global Media campaign and present it at a final salon for the course; and participate in the shaping of the narrative around global social change.

282 - Global Los Angeles

A critical examination of greater Los Angeles and it's economic, political, social and cultural ties to the world economy and other countries--all the ways in which Los Angeles is an integral part of the post-Cold War global society. How does this globalization affect the life of Los Angeles and in what ways does Los Angeles contribute to globalization? What are the positive and negative impacts and the implications for US foreign, economic and social policies of Los Angeles as a Global City?
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: INTERCULTURAL

283 - Soft Power: How Nations Interact Without War

This course will study how the concept of Soft Power--first developed by Harvard professor Joe Nye--applies to interactions among nations in the 21st Century. Soft Power lies in the ability to attract and persuade, whereas Hard Power--the ability to coerce--grows out of a country's military or economic might,especially in Imperial/Colonial period. Students will analyze how trade, culture (music, food, sports,language,education), environment and political institutions (democracy, corruption, human rights, etc.) contribute to a country's Soft Power and make up its Global Brand. Students will analyze the current state of Soft Power in key nations, and consider how countries and their citizens can affect the attractiveness of a country's culture, ideas and institutions to raise its Soft Power. The course will introduce students to the idea of global Sustainable Diplomacy which pursues global goals using Soft not Hard Power. Prerequisite: DWA 101 or Politics 101
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: GLOBAL CONNECTIONS

284 - Sports and Diplomacy in a Globalized World

A critical examination of the political and economic role that sports plays in the globalized world-- the diplomatic, political and economic effects of the Olympics, the World Cup, other international sporting events, and the increased globalization of professional sports leagues across national boundaries. A look a case studies of Ping-pong diplomacy, rugby reconciliation in South Africa, and soccer wars in Latin America, as well as an analysis of the impact of foreign players on national economies and societies from American baseball players in Japan to Russian ice hockey players in the US.
CORE PREREQUISITE MET: INTERCULTURAL

285 - Diplomacy, Conflict and Cooperation in World Politics

This course aims to introduce students to both analytic and normative approaches to the study and practice of diplomacy in international politics. In the first part of the course we will chart the evolution of diplomacy from a tool of statecraft in the modern states system to a practice of mediating disputes and estrangement in international society. The second part of the course is devoted to examining a series of historical case studies illustrative of the successes and failures of modern diplomacy. The last part of the course considers the utility and limitations of contemporary diplomatic practices for major international trends and developments such as globalization, militarism, financial crises, extremism, and environmental degradation. This course is, above all, designed to help students think, talk and write in an informed and critical manner about complex and seemingly intractable global issues.

295 - Virtuous Drones, Selfish Humanitarians? Emerging Issues in IR

What is the ethical goal of international policy? Who do we take seriously? Who do we count? What matters most? This is course is designed to help students, as future global citizens, explore ethical approaches to current global challenges. We will use case studies to confront challenges in areas such as torture, rebellion, peace-building, corporate responsibility, war technology, and climate change. Each student will develop special expertise in a specific policy area, and will draft a report on pressing global issues in this policy area.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: INTERCULTURAL

295 - Topics in Diplomacy and World Affairs

Human Security, An Introduction. In May 2003, Mrs. Sadako Ogata, former United Nations Commissioner for Refugees, and Professor Amartya Sen, Nobel laureate in economics, presented the report of the Independent Commission on Human Security to then-UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan. The report proposed a new security framework - that of "human security" - that re-frames the concept of international security away from the pillars of the Westphallian system - territorial integrity and national sovereignty - to a focus on the protection of persons and populations.

This course is an undergraduate survey of the topic of human security, exploring this emerging concept and the evolving corresponding norm of the "responsibility to protect," which demands that states protect their populations and re-frames humanitarian intervention as a responsibility of the international community to protect peoples when their governments fail to do so. Throughout the course, we will explore a number of interrelated issues such as conflict and poverty, protecting populations in conflict and post-conflict situations, crimes against humanity, and rights-based development.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: INTERCULTURAL

Introduction to International Law. This course will introduce students to the legal rules and principles that apply to states and non-state actors in areas such as the use of force, human rights, self-determination and the recognition of new states, and the prosecution of war criminals. Students will explore the mutual impact of international law and politics, and assess the efficacy of international rules as policy instruments, and as guidelines for legitimate international behavior. Course materials will include decisions of national and international tribunals and real-life problems that illustrate how international law works in practice. While focusing on the development and application of global rules and looking at a variety of countries in the process, this course will take a particularly close look at how the United States helps to make and applies those standards of international law.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: INTERCULTURAL and GLOBAL CONNECTIONS .

Global Public Health. The course will examine major global public health problems and the range of responses from international organizations, transnational networks, and domestic and community-based institutions. Despite improvements in the health status of low- and middle-income countries over the last half-century, the challenges to advance global public health remain daunting. What are the sorts of strategies these actors have used in addressing such health issues as HIV/AIDS, malaria, unsafe food and water, tobacco use, and others? What is the role of human rights in addressing the underlying determinants of ill-health? The course will present basic concepts for understanding global public health, including morbidity, mortality, demography, epidemiology, and the political, social and economic determinants of health. We will utilize a case study method to examine successful and less successful efforts to improve global health and to debate enduring political, economic, social and cultural controversies in the arenas of global health. Students can expect to gain knowledge of the major issues and actors in global public health and an introduction to the analytic and quantitative skills needed to monitor and evaluate evidence used in formulating policies and programs. Same as UEP 295
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: INTERCULTURAL

The Political Economy of Global Conflict. This course aims to introduce a number of fundamental concepts in the field of international political economy and then demonstrate a relationship between those concepts and global conflict. The first section of the course is devoted to introducing several core concepts of IPE within the context of the more generalized debates about the relationship and interaction between the international and domestic and the relationship and interaction between the state and society. After establishing this theoretical foundation, we begin to explore the way a political economy-centered approach helps us explain and understand interstate and intrastate conflict around the world. A number of case studies provide common ground for exploration on topics such as the relationship between global conflict and the economic rise of China and India, trade disputes, the relationship between poverty and conflict, and the relationship between natural resources and conflict (particularly intrastate violence). In each of these cases, our political economy approach is used not only to explain but also to explore possible solutions and challenges. In this context, the relative importance of international institutions and the challenges associated with collective action are also discussed.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: INTERCULTURAL

Obama Foreign Policy A course in current US foreign policy focusing on the challenges abroad faced by the Obama administration. The course will examine how President Obama and his team handled two wars inherited from the Bush administration, as well as an international economic crisis--and how the administration responded to new developments such as the Arab Spring. In an election year, foreign policy can sometimes become a campaign issue, and events abroad can affect Presidential politics, so the course will also consider the role of foreign policy in the 2012 Presidential campaign.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: UNITED STATES

International Relations of Africa This course examines the international relations of states in sub-Saharan Africa, focusing on major themes that have characterized international politics in Africa since the end of the Cold War. We will pay particular attention to the constraints that poverty and state weakness place on African states, as well as the associated importance of non-state and external actors in African affairs. Sample topics that the course will cover include: major conflicts of the past two decades (Congo, Liberia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, and Sudan), international peacekeeping, slow economic development, foreign aid effectiveness, epidemics, and food security.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: AFRICA/MIDDLE EAST

299 - Qualitative Methods and Research Design

The goal of this course is to provide students with some of the tools to embark on systematic inquiry in political science. It will introduce students to qualitative methods in political science, ethical issues in qualitative research, proposal writing and interviewing techniques, and finally, the essential components of a research paper (a proper research question, thesis, literature review, and case selection). Guidance through the Institutional Review Board process will be provided. This course is geared towards students preparing grant applications to conduct research abroad and/or those preparing for their senior comprehensive thesis since they will be expected to apply the methods they learn to their own research topics.
2 unit

305 - Peoples, States, and Wars: Revolutionary Readings

This course will address enduring challenges in global politics in the political, economic, and social spheres. These challenges will be contextualized through three prisms: 1. Evolving norms of international society and justice. 2. Histories of peoples and states. 3. Key intellectual works that have both been informed by and helped construct collective understandings of these norms and histories. The challenge of war, nationalism/ethnic conflict, economic underdevelopment, and international justice will be addressed through seminal texts, both classic and contemporary. In order to expand the scope of traditional international relations inquiry, these texts will extend into related intellectual traditions. prerequisite: DWA 101

310 - Religion and Politics

As of late, religion has re-emerged on the political stage offering different perspectives regarding political norms, values, and behavior. In this course we will explore the various ways in which religion has been conceptualized and utilized in different political and cultural settings. Some of the questions that we will seek to answer are: In what ways can religion be separated from politics? What are the roles of religion and religious institutions in political life? How do religions and religious institutions respond to the challenges of a pluralist and secular modern world? Prerequisite: DWA 101 or equivalent. Open only to DWA majors with junior or senior standing.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: INTERCULTURAL and GLOBAL CONNECTIONS

325 - United Nations Internship/Practicum

Internships are designed to enable students to learn experientially in an organization engaged in work relevant to their coursework in Occidental College's Program at the United Nations as well as their broader academic and career goals. By gaining firsthand work experience at an United Nations Mission, a Specialized Agency of the United Nations or a related Non-Governmental Organization students should develop skills and knowledge that will help them in pursuing post-graduation employment. Prerequisite: DWA 201 and ECON 101

329 - Human Rights and Trafficking in Persons

Trafficking in persons - the use of force, coercion, fraud, or deception for purposes of exploitation - is the third most profitable form of illicit activity globally, following the traffic in drugs and arms. In this course, we will explore the different forms of trafficking, including domestic servitude, sweatshop labor, migrant agricultural work, and child soldiering, although the course will focus most closely on the topic of trafficking for purposes of sexual exploitation. Throughout the class, the causes, consequences, and responses to trafficking will be analyzed through a human rights lens. We will study the processes behind the construction of gender identities, in order to gain insight into why particular populations are especially vulnerable to trafficking and why certain constraints exist to preventing and responding to trafficking at both the domestic and international levels. We will study the relationship between trafficking and militarism, including the legacy of the United States' military presence in Asia for sex tourism and trafficking in the region today. And we will engage the debate over whether trafficking is a "discourse" that perpetuates relationships of dominance and subordination between the global North and South. Prerequisite: DWA 101. Open only to DWA majors with junior or senior standing.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: INTERCULTURAL and GLOBAL CONNECTIONS

331 - Ethics, Religion, and International Relations - State Interest vs. Universal Morality

An inquiry into the field of ethical inquiry in international relations with a particular focus on the increasing recognition of the multiple frames of ethics contributed by the world's religions.  It is intended as an introduction for students who already have some background in the field of international relations and are interested in exploring the subject at a deeper level. Ethics has traditionally occupied an unenvious position in mainstream theories of international relations. Either it has been relegated to the margins of the field or placed in opposition to the contingencies of state practice. Denying their own normative foundations, (Western) theories of international relations traditionally ignored the relevance of ethics for the conceptualization and practice of world politics. This course reviews alternative approaches to traditional international relations theory by placing ethics at the center of the field.  The course focuses on the ethical underpinnings of state practice, and analyzes a range of contemporary foreign policy issues in which ethical questions are likely to arise, especially the protection of human rights, the historical development and contemporary formulations of ethical norms for the use of force, and distributive justice in the global economy.  Special emphasis will be given to religious influences on national ethics; religion as a matter of conflict; religious communities as transnational agents for justice, protection of human rights, and peace; and ethical and religious contributions to reconciliation, solidarity, and peacemaking. The theme to be explored in this course is "State Interest vs. Universal Morality?" - that is, we will explore the question of whether or not these two dimensions of international relations are compatible or competitive with each other. Prerequisite: DWA 101. Open only to DWA majors with junior or senior standing.

333 - North Africa and the Middle East: Islam and the Politics of Identity

A study of Islam in North Africa and the implications of religious ideology on intra and inter state conflicts. The course will also analyze the relationship of the Islamic North to the rest of Africa and to the Middle East. Given in alternate years. Prerequisite: DWA 101. Open only to DWA majors with junior or senior standing.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST

336 - Religion, Ideology, and Democracy in the Middle East

 This is an advanced seminar on the relationship between religion, ideology, and democracy in the Middle East; it presupposes background knowledge of the region and only basic exposure to comparative politics. The course surveys the historical and political trajectories of selected nationalisms and Islamist ideologies in the Middle East: Pan-Arabism, various Arab territorial nationalisms, Zionisms, Turkish nationalisms, Kurdish nationalisms and various strains of Islamism.
prerequisite: DWA 241
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: AFRICA/MIDDLE EAST

337 - Islam and Democracy

This course covers key questions, arguments, and debates concerning the relationship between Islam (as a rubric for identity and mobilization) and democracy (as a political form and value) in the Middle East. The course is organized around major topics concerning the history, culture, and politics of the Middle East since the end of World War I: Islam and modernity, nationalism and independence, authoritarian state building, the European imperial legacy, revolution and fundamentalist resurgence, political Islam and democracy, democracy promotion, and the future prospects for democracy in the region. This survey explores several theoretical questions about the relationship between Islam and democracy in the region: Why did the region's experience with some seemingly representative/liberal forms of the politics (c. 1930s-1950s) give way to the rise of authoritarian regimes? Why have various Islamist political movements come to represent the strongest forces pushing for political reform, government accountability, and democracy in the region? Does political Islam represent an obstacle/threat to the democratization of the Middle East or, alternatively, a necessary component for democratization? How are new forms of populist mobilization and political organization reshaping politics in the region? Prerequisite: DWA 101
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST

338 - Theory and Practice of Human Rights in the Transnational Muslim World

The place of human rights in the transnational Muslim world in comparative and theoretical perspective. The focus will be on 20th century political and ideological events in the Muslim world, broadly defined to include its diverse formations. There will be particular attention paid to movements for the integration of human rights into domestic, international, and transnational politics, and attendant theoretical questions. The course will be reading-intensive and we will focus class discussions around each week's readings. Prerequisite: DWA 101  Open only to DWA majors with junior or senior standing.

CORE REQUIREMENT MET: AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST

340 - Contemporary Issues in International and Human Rights Law

International law has taken an increasingly central and often controversial place in contemporary international relations. This junior writing seminar will explore the foundations of international law, human rights law, and humanitarian law. It will do so in the context of their intersections with topical issues that range from international criminal law, torture, non-state transnational actors, humanitarian interventions, and sexuality, and will have a particular focus on the theoretical foundations for human rights. Prerequisite: DWA 101.

342 - Transnational Identity and International Relations

This class will explore the various aspects of transnational identities focusing on ways in which they challenge state borders and state nationalisms. The various aspects of transnational identities like questions of citizenship, ethnicity, religion, gender, and generation, will be analyzed. Special attention will be given to the ways in which Islamic beliefs have transcended state boundaries and the impact this has had on notions of citizenship. The class will also focus on a few case studies to highlight the various aspects of transnational identity. Prerequisite: DWA 101. Open only to DWA majors with junior or senior standing. 

343 - Transnationalism and Global Governance

Global Governance: State, Trans-state, and Non-state Approaches to International Issues. "Global governance" describes state, trans-state, and local approaches to addressing issues which cross traditional nation-state borders. This class will study theories of global governance: what is global governance and how do we account for its increasing relevance? We will do so in the context of an exploration of a number of intersecting issues, including human rights, economic development, migration, political transitions, post-conflict reconstruction, and global security. Prerequisite: DWA 101. Open only to DWA majors with junior or senior standing.

344 - Nation-Building

A course in the politics and economics of nationbuilding and the responsibility of the international community towards failing states. What are the lessons to be learned from past attempts to reconstruct war-damaged or failed stages - e.g., the defeated axis powers Japan and Germany, war-torn Bosnia, or post-war Iraq? Can the United Nations provide the needed expertise or is it up to the U.S. to do the job? Is nation-building a necessary part of a Freedom Agenda (as President Bush termed it) or a U.S. strategy of democratic enlargement (President Clinton's term)? If so, how can it be done effectively without acting in a neo-colonial manner? On a related topic, when is so-called Humanitarian Intervention appropriate and who decides to do itthe U.N., the U.S., the European Union, North Atlantic Treat Organization, or other powers? Are new U.S. government agencies or new international organizations needed for these tasks, if they are to be undertaken? Students will examine these critical and difficult questions through readings such as Samantha Power's A Problem from Hell: America and the Age of Genocide; James Traub's The Freedom AgendaWhy America Must Spread Democracy (Just Not the Way George Bush Did); Ghani and Lockhart's Fixing Failed States; and the RAND Corporation's studies, America's Role in Nation-Building from Germany to Iraq, and The Beginner's Guide to Nation-Building. In addition to understanding and analyzing the key issues, students will also work in teams to devise new US and international policy approaches to nation-building. Prerequisite: DWA 101 or equivalent. Open only to DWA and Politics majors with junior or senior standing.  

350 - Global Political Economy: Advanced Topics

Each year this course will focus on some sub-set of contemporary issues in the global political economy. This could include topics such as the state of the global economy and global economic crises; multinational corporations and corporate social responsibility; global production and supply chains; emerging forms of regulation in the global economy, transparency and accountability, and global inequality, among others. Prerequisite: DWA 101

352 - Water in the World: Issues, Conflicts, Prospects

Water is necessary for human survival and public health, economic prosperity and environmental sustainability. Water is a spiritual value, a human right, an economic good, and a natural resource. One billion people on our planet do not have access to the water they need. Escalating human population growth, concomitant climate change and other environmental changes, poor management, and emerging/(re-)emerging diseases are compromising the availability and quality of water resources even for those who have access. Political controversies over water of various kinds are mounting; some argue future wars will be fought over water. This course examines current issues, conflicts and prospects with respect to water resources globally and how this issue will influence the health of humans, societies, and the planet. Prerequisite: DWA 101

368 - American Grand Strategy: The Perils of Being Number One

America is the most powerful nation in the post-Cold War world but has not, as yet, forged a national consensus on post-Cold War foreign policy. The country, and the world, have repudiated the neo-Con unilateralist approach of the Bush administrationbut there is no agreed upon substitute. Various authors are proposing strategies from "ethical realism" to "liberal interventionism" to "neo-isolationism" and on. The course will examine critically proposals for a new American Grand Strategy from leading foreign policy thinkers and from groups such as the Princeton project. We will try to agree on what a workable Grand Strategy might beand analyze whether it might have widespread bi-partisan support at home and ample international support abroad. Prerequisite: DWA 101 or Politics 101. Junior or senior standing in DWA or Politics

370 - Democracy in Global Politics

This course investigates the contours of historical and contemporary debates about democracy in global politics. The central aim of the course is to make such terms as "pluralism," "representation," "freedom," and "democracy," which simultaneously serve as hollow tropes in contemporary political discourse and as the basis for a secular religious faith for many on the left and the right, more difficult. Rather than cleansing these terms of their complications, students are encouraged to see them from all sides, interrogating their maddening paradoxes and ugly undertones while never losing sight of their awesome possibilities. Accordingly, this course is divided into three sections. The first section offers a historical/philosophical overview of the rise of, and a variety of challenges to, the idea of democracy as both a political ideal and an institutional form from the advent of the American and French revolutions to today. The second section is devoted to various schools of thought on democratic governance, with a special focus on post-World War II developments in democratic theory. The last section of the course focuses on contemporary politics of surrounding the discourse about and promotion of democratic values in a global context. Prerequisite: DWA 101

377 - Rising Nations: The Political Economy of the BRIC countries and the Challenges to US Leadership

Junior seminar on the global impact of the rising nations of Brazil, India, Russia and China--so-called BRIC countries--the growth of their economies and their growing political and economic influence on global power arrangements--and an analysis of the US response to the rise of these nations in the post-Cold War era of globalization. What is the intellectual justification of the course? Provide juniors and seniors in DWA and related majors with an analysis of key players on the international scene and a critical examination of how the US is responding to a multi-polar world. Prerequisites: DWA 101 or Politics 101. Junior or senior standing in DWA or Politics
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: ASIA

395 - Special Topics in Diplomacy and World Affairs

Seminar in International Institutions and International Law. Our globalized political and economic system relies on international regimes and related organizations to help set, monitor, and enforce the rules. This seminar examines comparatively the historic rationale behind prominent international institutions and legal frameworks, and analyzes their current and possible future roles in economic development, global governance, and political stability. Prerequisite: DWA 201. Open only to DWA majors with junior or senior standing.
CORE REQUIREMENT MET: INTERCULTURAL

397 - Independent Study in DWA

Prerequisite: permission of instructor.
2 or 4 units

401 - Human Development in a World of Promise and Peril

This seminar-style course will focus on practical case studies to identify the drivers of and potential brakes on sustainable human development. Illustrative country cases from around the globe will focus students on the present day reality of people's lives; the role of development planning, policies and actions by the State; and how the norms established at the global level of the UN are implemented at the national as well as local levels. Modern day global issues related to population dynamics, climate change, inequality, food security, energy access, natural & man made disasters and others will be examined for their impact on human development against the backdrop of the U.N. Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio +20), the U.N.'s focus on the Post 2015 Development Agenda, and the Millennium Development Goals. Cases will range from a review of specific UN programmes that went to scale and led to fundamental national change (examples: Mongolia microfinance, Cambodia decentralization and Ethiopia's HIV/AIDS response) -- to a review of individual countries where multiple UN programmes and the political economy stand out as driving factors for change (examples: Myanmar, Costa Rica and Brazil). These cases will be informed through literature review and through contact with UN staff and UN agencies who worked on the programmes as well as with individuals from the concerned Missions. Prerequisite: DWA 201

402 - UN and Conflict Prevention: Actors & Architecture

The importance of conflict prevention and conflict resolution policies has long been recognized at the United Nations. The debate was originally focused on the effectiveness of peace keeping operations and traditional diplomatic measures. Its parameters have been broadened considerably and now encompass longer term efforts to assist developing countries in enhancing durable structures conducive to peace and democratic stability and the targeted use of development cooperation. Combining theoretical /conceptual and practical concerns and drawing from case studies of recent conflicts, the ultimate objective of the course is to identify feasible short term and long term conflict prevention strategies and tools and to develop practical suggestions to move from a culture of reaction to a culture of prevention. More specifically, the course will deal with: a. the evolving meaning of prevention as it was understood in the Charter of the United Nations and subsequently shaped by the changing causes and nature of conflicts; b. the main actors in conflict prevention against the backdrop of UN institutions; c. the tools and practice of "operational" prevention (i.e. early warning, mediation, sanctions, peace operations, peace enforcement and the role of regional organizations); d. the tools and practice of "structural" prevention (good governance and democracy, mainstreaming human rights and gender, meeting post conflict reconstruction and addressing the root causes of conflict); and e. the significance of the emerging norm of the "responsibility to protect". Prerequisite: DWA 201

403 - The U.N. Experience

This course will provide students with practical, hands on experience through an internship with a UN Agency or a member state mission. This will be a professional undertaking requiring intensive engagement with high-level responsibilities. The internship will be complemented throughout the semester with the following three elements: 1) A bi-weekly seminar to fully process the learning and practical experiences of the internships. 2) A guest speaker series for dialogue with UN leaders. 3) a bi-weekly analytic notebook that will provide an opportunity for students to critically analyze internship experiences, guest lectures, and assigned reading materials. prerequisite: DWA 201
8 units

410 - Task Force in Diplomacy and World Affairs

The abilities to locate, compile, synthesize, evaluate and compellingly present complex and up-to-date knowledge on rapidly changing global issues - and to do so in a team - are highly valued across public, private and civil society sectors. This course helps students learn and practice how to research, write and present an extended policy/practice oriented report for a real-world client on a contemporary and exciting topic in world affairs, and practice being part of a high-functioning team. The topic and thus client will be unique each time the course is taught. The skills acquired and applied in Task Force help students stand out as they venture into the world and towards the jobs and activities they are passionate about in diplomacy and world affairs. This course can be repeated one time with intsructor permission.  Prerequisites: DWA 201

490 - Senior Seminar in DWA

Preparation, research, writing, and discussion of senior thesis projects in fulfillment of the comprehensive requirement.