Friday, November 30, 2012

Naming the Enemy Conference

Naming the Enemy: Anti-communism in Comparative Perspective from 1930s to the 1950s


  • Location: JSC Salsbury-Young
  • Time: 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM
  • Sponsor: History

This one-day workshop (with reception to follow) will focus on the character and uses of enemies in Europe and the United States in the interwar and early postwar period, with a particular focus on anti-communism. Much of the violence and conflict of the 1930s through the Cold War was fueled by the mobilization of populations against enemies of “the nation” or “the race.” Governments from dictatorships to democracies, from National Socialist Germany to the Vatican, raised the specter of civilization-destroying enemies to unite their populations and to rationalize a politics of hate and fear. The conference will bring
together scholars working on various aspects of  anti-communism and the communist enemy and on the issue of enemy formation and enemy images. The proceedings will be comparative and transnational; with 10 papers covering anti-communism in the United States, Germany, Italy, the Vatican, and Brazil.


9:30 Welcoming Remarks: Jorge Gonzalez, Dean of the College and Marla Stone, Occidental COllege

Panel I: Europe, 9:45 to 12:30

Giuliana Chamedes, Harvard University, An Iron Cage: The Institutionalization of the Batican Anti-Communist Campaign in the Interwar Years

Robert Ventresca, King's University College at Western Ontario, Pius XII and the Making of a 'New World': Christianity, Communism, and the 'problem of democracy' in the Early Cold War

Coffee break, 11:00-11:15

Marla Stone, Occidental College, 'Godless and Racially Degenerate': Fascism's Soviet Enemy

Jeffrey Herf, University of Maryland, Anticommunism and "Military Democracy" and the "Anti-Totalitarian Consensus" in the Postwar Decades in West Germany

Respondent: Joshua Goode, Claremont Graduate University

Lunch 12:30-1:30

Panel II: The Americas, 1:30 to 3:30

Alessandro Brogi, University of Arkansas, "Confronting the 'Enemy Within": The United States and the Communists in France and Italy, 1921-1947

Kathryn Olmsted, University of California, Davis, Duce Envy: American Conservatives and Fascism in the 1930s

Ben Cowan, George Mason University, "Fighting Only for the Cause of the Patria": Statist Patriotism and Right-wing Moralism in Interwar Brazil

Coffee Break 3:30-3:45

Ron Robin, New York Univeristy, Psychopathology and Enemy Societies: Psycholanalysis and Strategic Studies among Mid-Twentieth Century Policy Makers in the United States

Michael Kimmage, The Catholic University of America, An Enemy by Any Other Name: George Kennan, the Soviet Union and the Russians

Respondent: Casey Blake, Colombia Univeristy and 2012/2013 Billington Professor at Occidental College

5:30-6pm Roundtable discussion

6:00 Reception